Two new public squares and a riverside walk will also be created. South Square will also be able to host temporary events and exhibitions.Oxford City Council leader Bob Price said “The Westgate is going to be more than just a shopping centre, so this will be really significant to the development of this quarter of the city. It could be an exciting area for performances and art, as well as a great public space – which is something we need more of.”On their website, Westgate Oxford have a new development webcam, giving the public the chance to see live pictures of progress on site every 20 minutes from 7am to 7pm.The completion of the shopping centre may help to allay concerns over the balance of shops and restaurants in central Oxford, which led to concern from Graham Jones of traders’ group Rox in July.He commented, “There is feeling that perhaps there are enough restaurants and cafes in the city at the moment – maybe we have reached the limit for them all to be viable.”A third year from St Hugh’s said, “This never-ending project has delivered nothing more than a Pret. I will have graduated by the time the centre opens, so I am not really very excited about these restuarants. I don’t even like shopping centres—they are testament to the consumerist economy that bourgois Oxford prides itself on. I’m frankly outraged. But I will be buying my Pret anyway.” The Westgate Centre has revealed some of the restaurant chains that will set up shop in the newly renovated complex when it opens in October 2017.It has been confirmed that Japanese food chain Sticks n Sushi will open its sixth restaurant in the UK in the roof top garden, which will offer panoramic views of Oxford.A spokeswoman for the Oxford Westgate Alliance also announced that the boulangerie Le Pain Quotidien, Lebanese Comptoir Libanais, noodle bar Shoryu and Pret A Manger are some of the other chains will be moving into the £440m revamped centre.Pizza Pilgrims, which was founded by brothers James and Thom who are originally from Oxford, is another restaurant to take its place in the centre.Pizza Pilgrims began selling pizzas from the back of a three-wheeled van in London’s Soho and they have since attracted a huge following.The development manager for the Westgate Oxford Alliance, Sara Fge, said, “Westgate Oxford will be home to over 100 stores and 25 restaurants and cafes, as well as a boutique cinema and rooftop terrace dining.”The new centre will also feature a John Lewis department store, as well as a Curzon cinema, Victoria’s Secret Pink store and a Mac shop.Josie Pepper, a second year at Brasenose, told Cherwell, “Does Oxford really need a third Pret A Manger? I guess it is never a bad thing for the student community to have more restaurants.” Carl Gergs, a Pembroke student, commented, “It will be great having so many restaurants and cafes just around the corner from Pembroke. Having said that, I am also concerned that introducing more chain restaurants will threaten the independent businesses that already exist in Oxford. Whilst the development is an exciting prospect, it is important that local cafes and restaurants are still encouraged and supported.” The shopping centre, originally built in the 1970s, had no rooftop area before, but will now have a number of public spaces along with the various restaurants and cafes.The plans feature a grass “quad” with retractable roof and views across Oxford’s famous spires, which could be used for performances, art displays and cinema screenings.The £440m Westgate project is part of a wider development of the West of Oxford, which also includes development of the Park End Street area and the closure of Wahoo and other nightclubs.£500 million is being invested to enhance the retail core in the City Centre, encouraging more existing shoppers to stay for longer periods of time.The investment should eventually provide over 3,400 new jobs, as well as 600 jobs a year during construction.
The BSE agent was detected in the distal ileum as soon as 6 months after exposure, Hueston said, adding, “The agent has not been detected in other parts of the intestine.” The wall of the distal ileum contains patches of lymphoid tissue that are thought to be involved in disseminating the BSE agent through the body, according to a research summary from the United Kingdom Department of Food, Environment and Rural Affairs. The US Department of Agriculture banned the use of the small intestine of cattle in food shortly after the first US case of BSE surfaced in December 2003. Later, in July 2004, the Food and Drug Administration banned use of the small intestine in food supplements and cosmetics. Sep 7 FSIS news releasehttp://www.fsis.usda.gov/News_&_Events/NR_090705_01/index.asp Eating meat products from BSE-infected cattle is believed to be the cause of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, the human equivalent of BSE. The brain diseases are incurable and always fatal. The USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) said it “has determined that the portion of the small intestine traditionally used as food, or as a casing for specialty sausage, can be safely and effectively separated from the section that contains the distal ileum.” This provides just as much protection as removing the entire small intestine, the statement added. Potter said the distal ileum makes up only a small part of a cow’s small intestine. It ranges from 3 to 6 feet in length, while the main portion, called the jejunum, is 80 to 150 feet long. Though the small intestine can also be used in cosmetics, Potter said he was not aware of such use. However, dietary supplement makers harvest some enzymes from beef intestine for use in their products, he added. This week, both agencies announced that only the distal ileumthe last few feet of the small intestinewill be banned from those products henceforward. Researchers have found that the distal ileum is the only part of the intestine that contains the BSE agent in infected cattle, and the agencies said the distal ileum can be safely removed from the rest of the intestinal tract. In studies in which calves were fed material from BSE-infected cattle, the distal ileum was the first tissue where signs of the disease showed up, according to Will D. Hueston, DVM, a BSE expert and director of the University of Minnesota Center for Animal Health and Food Safety in St Paul. The FSIS said the rule change is consistent with BSE-related guidance from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) in its 2005 Terrestrial Animal Health Code. See also: Sep 8, 2005 (CIDRAP News) Meat companies are again free to use most of the small intestine of cattle to make sausage casings, following a change in a federal rule intended to protect people from exposure to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or mad cow disease. Sep 6 FDA news releasehttp://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/2005/ucm108484.htm The change takes effect Oct 7, and the FDA and FSIS will take comments until Nov 7. The agency said it will now require removal of the lower 80 inches of the small intestine. Businesses will have to demonstrate that they have written procedures for this. Besides US companies, foreign companies eligible to export beef to the United States will be subject to the revised rule, the FSIS said. “The procedure is typically completed while the small intestine and large intestine are still attached [to the carcass], so there’s no chance that personnel would measure and cut from the wrong end,” FSIS spokeswoman Amanda Eamich told CIDRAP News. In the meat industry, cattle intestines are used mainly to make natural casings for sausage, mostly for ethnic markets, according to Dr. Morris Potter, lead scientist for epidemiology in the FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.