The BSE agent was detected in the distal ileum as soon as 6 months after exposure, Hueston said, adding, “The agent has not been detected in other parts of the intestine.” The wall of the distal ileum contains patches of lymphoid tissue that are thought to be involved in disseminating the BSE agent through the body, according to a research summary from the United Kingdom Department of Food, Environment and Rural Affairs. The US Department of Agriculture banned the use of the small intestine of cattle in food shortly after the first US case of BSE surfaced in December 2003. Later, in July 2004, the Food and Drug Administration banned use of the small intestine in food supplements and cosmetics. Sep 7 FSIS news releasehttp://www.fsis.usda.gov/News_&_Events/NR_090705_01/index.asp Eating meat products from BSE-infected cattle is believed to be the cause of variant Creutzfeldt-Jakob disease, the human equivalent of BSE. The brain diseases are incurable and always fatal. The USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) said it “has determined that the portion of the small intestine traditionally used as food, or as a casing for specialty sausage, can be safely and effectively separated from the section that contains the distal ileum.” This provides just as much protection as removing the entire small intestine, the statement added. Potter said the distal ileum makes up only a small part of a cow’s small intestine. It ranges from 3 to 6 feet in length, while the main portion, called the jejunum, is 80 to 150 feet long. Though the small intestine can also be used in cosmetics, Potter said he was not aware of such use. However, dietary supplement makers harvest some enzymes from beef intestine for use in their products, he added. This week, both agencies announced that only the distal ileumthe last few feet of the small intestinewill be banned from those products henceforward. Researchers have found that the distal ileum is the only part of the intestine that contains the BSE agent in infected cattle, and the agencies said the distal ileum can be safely removed from the rest of the intestinal tract. In studies in which calves were fed material from BSE-infected cattle, the distal ileum was the first tissue where signs of the disease showed up, according to Will D. Hueston, DVM, a BSE expert and director of the University of Minnesota Center for Animal Health and Food Safety in St Paul. The FSIS said the rule change is consistent with BSE-related guidance from the World Organization for Animal Health (OIE) in its 2005 Terrestrial Animal Health Code. See also: Sep 8, 2005 (CIDRAP News) Meat companies are again free to use most of the small intestine of cattle to make sausage casings, following a change in a federal rule intended to protect people from exposure to bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE), or mad cow disease. Sep 6 FDA news releasehttp://www.fda.gov/NewsEvents/Newsroom/PressAnnouncements/2005/ucm108484.htm The change takes effect Oct 7, and the FDA and FSIS will take comments until Nov 7. The agency said it will now require removal of the lower 80 inches of the small intestine. Businesses will have to demonstrate that they have written procedures for this. Besides US companies, foreign companies eligible to export beef to the United States will be subject to the revised rule, the FSIS said. “The procedure is typically completed while the small intestine and large intestine are still attached [to the carcass], so there’s no chance that personnel would measure and cut from the wrong end,” FSIS spokeswoman Amanda Eamich told CIDRAP News. In the meat industry, cattle intestines are used mainly to make natural casings for sausage, mostly for ethnic markets, according to Dr. Morris Potter, lead scientist for epidemiology in the FDA’s Center for Food Safety and Applied Nutrition.
The UK should consider the launch of collective pension provision based around the more individualised approach being debated in the Netherlands, a wide-ranging report on the future shape of the pensions industry has urged.The 600-page report, written by David Blake of the Pensions Institute at the behest of the opposition Labour party, also suggested the National Employment Savings Trust (NEST) be allowed to provide income-drawdown products to all savers in an effort to lower costs.The suggestion was made after recent changes allowed savers to access pension pots from 55, and ended a previous requirement to annuitise.Blake’s report, likely commissioned in 2014 to function as a policy blueprint had the Labour party won the 2015 election, also proposes an overhaul of the UK’s regulatory architecture, merging the Financial Conduct Authority with the Pensions Regulator, while introducing ‘safe haven’ pension providers that could be recommended without risk of later lawsuits over mis-selling. The academic said the Review of Retirement Income (IRRI) report was necessitated by the shift in retirement provision caused by the liberalisation of pension savings, labelled pensions freedoms.The shift away from annuities to pay out income in old age marked a “monumental change” for a market that was previously home to around half of the world’s annuities, Blake said.The report set out to examine how the risks associated with drawing down retirement income – rather than having a guaranteed income stream for life – should be explained to savers.Revisiting defined ambitionBlake touched on the role of collective defined contribution funds – part of the defined ambition agenda introduced by previous pensions minister Steve Webb – and argued that the idea of risk-sharing was still feasible in a world where members had access to savings from age 55, as long as the scheme allowed for individual accrual.The report examined a number of risk-sharing approaches employed across the world, including the use of deferred annuities by Denmark’s ATP, and recommended the introduction of collective individual defined contribution (CIDC).CIDC funds, the report said, would exploit economies of scale and allow risks to be pooled.When asked, Blake said the approach could be modelled on discussions occurring in the Netherlands, where policymakers have sought to avoid a shift towards individual DC funds as used in the UK.Benchmarking decumulation strategiesThe report further recommended that a vehicle akin to the National Employment Savings Trust (NEST) be launched to act as a benchmark for decumulation strategies, able to set standards and cost levels other providers would need to match to remain competitive.The focus on NEST was also in line with Blake’s proposal to see retirement income offered by institutional investors, rather than savers previously auto-enrolled into institutional providers being asked to access the retail market on retirement.“In many respects,” the report said, “scheme drawdown is a natural extension of the default fund used by modern multi-trust, multi-employer schemes for the auto-enrolment accumulation stage.“It is also a natural extension of the trustees’ governance role and fiduciary duties, which, prior to [the introduction of pension freedoms], ended very abruptly when members were steered towards the purchase of [lifetime annuities] at the point of retirement,” it said.One of the report’s key proposals also built on previous work by the Turner Commission, which recommended the introduction of auto-enrolment in 2005.The launch of a Pensions, Care and Savings Commission would provide independent scrutiny of the pensions freedoms, Blake suggested, and help establish what he saw as the absence of a national narrative around retirement savings.The idea was previously proposed by the National Association of Pension Funds, the Association of British Insurers and the Trades Union Congress.
APPROXIMATELY 25 racquet-wielders converged on the Anna Regina Secondary School’s auditorium on Friday, August 18, to participate in the Essequibo Sub-Association’s table tennis competition, which was held for the first time in almost 20 years, according to one of the organisers. The event proved to be quite exciting with a number of thrilling finishes as the players enjoyed the atmosphere and vocal fans.Among the winners of the various categories were Under-13 – 1st Timothy Theophil and 2nd Royden Morris; Under-15 – 1st Jean Marc, 2nd Timothy Theophil and 3rd Emanuel Jeffrey; Under-17 – 1st Emanuel Jeffrey, 2nd Marc Mahase and 3rd John Applewhite-Hercules; Under-21 – 1st Emanuel Jeffrey, 2nd Navindra Sorujlall and 3rd Romario Persaud. Meanwhile in the open category, former national Under-19 cricketer Nathan Persaud proved too dominant, relegating Romario to second place and Sephron Dyal third.The winners were all presented with trophies which were donated by well-wishers including the Department of Youth. The organisers were Region 2 Sports Officers Debra Daniels and Nathan Persaud.More competitions are scheduled for other venues as the Association seeks to develop, sustain and promote the sport in Region 2. (Errol Stephney)
One person has been removed to Letterkenny General Hospital this morning following a two car crash at Lunniagh, Derrybeg.Accident took place at Derrybeg.Two ambulance crews from Dungloe attended – the road was closed for a period but has now reopened.Motorists are advised to exercise caution as this particular stretch of road is reported to become slippery when wet. Accidents have occurred at this location on previous occasions.The injured person is not thought to be serious. ONE PERSON RUSHED TO HOSPITAL AFTER TWO CAR CRASH was last modified: October 16th, 2013 by StephenShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:car crashderrybeg