The public is being invited to learn about the new opportunities that lie in Letterkenny’s Irish Language Plan at a public meeting on Wednesday 18th September at 7:00pm in Dillon’s Hotel.Letterkenny is set to gain new investment to develop and deliver an Irish Language Plan as a Gaeltacht Services Town over the next seven years. Líonra Leitir Ceanainn, the body appointed to draft the language plan, is hosting the public event to share information on the plan which will bring new opportunities to the area for learning and using the Irish language. Ursula Ní Shabhaois, Cinnteacht and Bairbre Uí Chathail, Lionra Leitir Ceanainn, at the Business and the Letterkenny Language Plan meeting hosted by Líonra Leitir Ceanainn on Wednesday 5th JuneThere will also be an opportunity for attendees to share their opinions about the language plan and to discuss what they would like to see included.It is hoped that as many members of the community as possible will attend the event. There’s a space for everyone in the language plan, regardless of the level of fluency in Irish that you currently have.There will be new opportunities for young people, for local businesses, for parents raising their children through Irish and for the entire community as a whole. The more input that the community has in the language plan, the better the language plan will be for the area.If you’d like more information on the Irish language plan or about the public meeting, you can email us on firstname.lastname@example.org or email@example.com. If you would prefer to call, you can contact 0044 2830 898 242. Cruinniú Poiblí Beidh cruinniú poiblí ar siúl in Óstán Dillon i Leitir Ceanainn Dé Chéadaoin an 18ú Meán Fómhair ag 7:00pm maidir le plean teanga Leitir Ceanainn.Ag an chruinniú, roinnfidh Líonra Leitir Ceanainn eolas ar an phlean teanga, a chruthóidh deiseanna nua sa cheantar leis an Ghaeilge a fhoghlaim agus a úsáid. Beidh deis ann fosta dóibh siúd atá i láthair a gcuid tuairimí a roinnt linn maidir leis an phlean teanga agus cad a ba mhaith leo a fheiceáil istigh ann.Ba mhaith linn cloisteáil ón oiread sin daoine agus is féidir. Tá spás ann do gach duine sa phlean teanga seo, is cuma cén cumas sa teanga atá acu. Beidh deiseanna nua ann do dhaoine óga, don lucht gnó, do thuismitheoirí atá ag tógáil clainne le Gaeilge agus don phobal trí chéile. An mó ionchur atá ag an phobal is fearr don phlean teanga sa cheantar.Más maith leat tuilleadh eolais a fháil ar an phlean teanga nó ar an chruinniú poiblí seo, is féidir ríomhphost a chur chuig firstname.lastname@example.org nó chuig email@example.com. Más fearr leat scairt a chur, déan teagmháil linn ar 0044 2830 898 242.Public invited to meeting on Letterkenny’s Irish language plan was last modified: September 9th, 2019 by Rachel McLaughlinShare this:Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window)Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window)Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window)Click to share on Reddit (Opens in new window)Click to share on Pocket (Opens in new window)Click to share on Telegram (Opens in new window)Click to share on WhatsApp (Opens in new window)Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window)Click to print (Opens in new window) Tags:Gaeltacht Services TownLetterkenny Irish Language PlanLíonra Leitir Ceanainn
Arsenal have not made a move to sign Rennes star Yann M’Vila, his agent has told Goal.com, who suggest the midfielder is ready to reject a transfer to QPR.M’Vila is one of a number of French players on the radar of Rangers boss Harry Redknapp and is also said to be wanted by the Gunners.It has been claimed that Redknapp has had a £6.5 bid for the player turned down but plans to make another offer.But M’Vila’s representative Tim Hager is quoted as saying: “There is interest from a lot of clubs. Yann has a good contract at Rennes – it is possible that we can stay there and be patient.“Every transfer window we are asked about Arsenal because of what the newspapers say, but I have not spoken to them about Yann.”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 Follow West London Sport on TwitterFind us on Facebook
A far cry from today’s commercial and even craft beer brewing, traditional home brewing was unpaid, as with much of what is designated women’s work.Township dwellers congregate at shebeens to take time out listening to music, dancing and enjoying a drink. (Image: Chris Smith, Flickr)Aneshree NaidooWhen Miriam Makeba debuted in the musical King Kong, she immortalised the shebeen queen: these were the tough-talking, no-nonsense women of the townships who put their traditional brewing skills to use to keep their families from dire poverty during the oppressive apartheid years.In South Africa, as across the world, brewing was historically women’s work, falling under the ambit of household or ceremonial duties. A far cry from today’s commercial and even craft beer brewing, traditional home brewing was unpaid, as with much of what is designated women’s work. But as apartheid legislation eroded the quality of life of black South Africans, women used their traditional skills to keep liquor flowing, defying the prohibition on black South Africans drinking and brewing alcohol. Their illegal – and hence dangerous – activities provided a regular source of income for their fragmented families.Shebeen queens were shrewd businesswomen. Realising that police would confiscate their slow brews when they raided, they developed shorter brewing times, adapting traditional methods to create stronger, quicker brews to serve to patrons after work on Fridays. Sometimes, to give the brews more of a kick, they shored up the liquor with dangerous additives such as methylated spirits, a denatured alcohol.Shebeen cultureDespite the dangers, shebeens became central to cultural life for black South Africans. They were communal talking, laughing, drinking spaces where ideas as heady as the liquor flowed. Activists gathered to debate heatedly, while lovers and friends chatted; and the music played on. The now unmistakeable rhythms of township life – phatha patha, kwaito, kwela and township jazz, the love children of South African marabi beats and American soulful blues – spilled out of the shebeens, lifting hearts and growing the passion for freedom. The music itself was a defiant middle finger to the apartheid authorities, creating stars like Makeba, Hugh Masakela and so many other artists. It crossed international borders and spread the message that black South Africans were human, living, loving and creating, and, under apartheid, dying.Shebeens thrived after the 1927 Liquor Act, which among other restrictions “prohibited Africans and Indians from selling alcohol or entering licensed premises”. While African women were uniquely suited to brewing beer given their traditional skills, their growing role as shebeen queens was also dictated by legislation. As they did not have to carry passes until the 1950s, they were undesirable employees, their movements uncontrollable. They were economic wild cards, often single women making a living in a male-dominated society. And as shebeens became more popular, their risky livelihoods were threatened. Along with evading arrest and having their products confiscated, they eventually faced stiff competition.Shebeens are more than drinking establishments, they are central to the cultural life of black South Africans. (Image: Stanley Sagov)Apartheid profits from beer salesThe 1927 Liquor Act may have spurred the growth of shebeens, but from 1937, municipal drinking halls encroached on the women’s businesses. The profits from the halls benefitted the municipalities, but unlike the shebeen queens’ incomes, never trickled through to the families supported by the businesses. By the 1960s, despite protests, more than 60 municipalities operated legal beer halls; black African women controlled the illegal business. There were more than 10 000 shebeens in Soweto alone, and some 30 000 illegal brewers had set up shop in the Western Cape. The women were powerful, walking tall in their independence, and often berated the men who drank at the beer halls for not supporting their community-centred businesses.Their reign was soon to end though. The Act had restricted profits for commercial brewers, and in 1962 the apartheid government caved under pressure from the industry and opened up sales to black South Africans. They could not drink in town – white areas – but they could now buy commercial beer at off-sales. South African Breweries and the apartheid state saw their profits grow.Despite their waning stars, the shebeen queens have become a celebrated archetype in South African art, film and literature. Fred Khumalo’s protagonist, Lettie, in Bitches’ Brew, chooses the life when her teen lover turns out to be unworthy; in Down Second Avenue, Es’kia Mphahlele describes the economic independence being a shebeen queen offered: “The same old cycle. Leave school, my daughter, and work, you cannot sit at home and have other people work for you; stand up and do the white man’s washing and sell beer. That’s right – that is how a woman does it; look at us, we do not sit and look up to our husbands or fathers to work alone; we have sent our children to school with money from beer selling…”In Mine Boy, Peter Abrahams describes the dangers the women faced, as well as their solidarity in adversity: “They are all women who sell beer. And if one is arrested they all come together and collect money among themselves and bail out the arrested one. They are here to collect money for those who were arrested yesterday.”Bloke Modisane, in his autobiography, Blame Me on History, tells of how having a shebeen queen mother changed his life: “My mother wanted a better life for her children, a kind of insurance against poverty by trying to give me a prestige profession, and if necessary would go to jail whilst doing it.”Popular soapie Generations has its own shebeen queen. Mam’ Ruby has viewers buzzing with her antics, while Isidingo has introduced a shebeen king, the charismatic Georgie Zamdela.Legal shebeens keep communities afloatToday, shebeens are legal and serve mostly commercial beers and other alcoholic drinks, along with some traditional beers, or umqombothi, made from maize or sorghum. They are still cultural centres, but the shebeens’ defiant character has been replaced with a more laid-back vibe. They are now also subject to the same taxes and legislation as all legal liquor-serving establishments. This places an enormous financial burden on owners, most of whom are still female, while smaller businesses further away from wealthier urban centres face the threat of closure.In 2012, the Foundation for Sustainable Livelihoods counted some 25 000 informal alcohol outlets in the Western Cape. Each establishment employed on average three to four people. In total, some 210 000 people would have lost their jobs had the shebeens closed down. The economic benefits shebeens had, and still have, cannot be discounted, even as it is acknowledged that they take a heavy social toll, and can often be public nuisances.Since 1994, there have been moves to restrict 24-hour trading to reduce noise; serving alcohol to intoxicated people; and serving alcohol to underage people. KwaZulu-Natal has gone a step further, and requires the owners of liquor outlet to give back to the communities in which they operate by participating in community development initiatives.The new face of South African brewingCraft brewing has become immensely popular of late, with the trendy hip crowd seeking rare brews at high prices. The fashion has also, in the mainstream consciousness, overshadowed traditional South African brewing, opting to focus on hops and wheat-based brews rather than traditional African ingredients. The industry, as with major commercial brewing, is also male-dominated.Apiwe Nxusani, the brewmaster at microbrewery Brewhogs in Gauteng, is one of a handful of black female brewers in the country. She says her industry is slowly starting to change, even as traditional African brewing is still seen as a “woman’s job”. She says the perception that commercial and craft beer brewing and drinking is for men needs to be challenged, to attract more women to the industry. “I think the big boys should lead the pack and start advertising and marketing beer as also a woman’s drink of choice – make it cool for a woman to be seen enjoying a cold beer.”While commercial brews dominate the market, and craft beers are making inroads, traditional brewing has not completely fallen away. Legacy brands such as iJuba, Chibuku, and Joburg Beer, produced by United National Breweries, are easily available, and are still brewed using traditional principles and traditional ingredients.The art of brewing, and the role of women in it, is a story as old as modern humanity. And as the industry grows, refines it methods and produces more inventive products, South Africa will remember the women – the shebeen queens – who faced down an oppressive government, beer in hand.As Shakespeare said: “She brews good ale, and thereof comes the proverb, ‘Blessing of your heart, you brew good ale.’”Would you like to use this article in your publication or on your website? See Using Brand South Africa material.
The bandh call over the demolition of the Guru Ravidas temple in Delhi’s Tughlakabad village evoked a strong response in Punjab, even as members of Dalit outfits staged protests in many parts of the State on Tuesday.Most commercial establishments, shops and offices remained closed in Jalandhar, Gurdaspur, Hoshiarpur, Ludhiana, Fazilka, Barnala, Moga and Kapurthala. The bandh call was given by Dalits under the banner of the Guru Ravidas Jayanti Samaroh Samiti.Members of Dalit community were seen taking out marches and sitting on dharna at several places. Vehicular movement on National Highway 1 was disrupted in Jalandhar after protesters blocked the road as well as arterial roads. A holiday was declared for the educational institutions in Jalandhar, Hoshiarpur, Kapurthala, and Gurdaspur.Dalits, especially in the Doaba region of Punjab, have been staging protests ever since the temple was demolished on August 10 following a Supreme Court order over allegations of encroachment. Terming it an act of sacrilege, they are demanding the reconstruction of the temple on the same land where it stood.Punjab has a Dalit population of 32%, the highest in any State.
Catholic schools seek legislated pay hike, too Don’t miss out on the latest news and information. Boston and St. Louis don’t lack high-end skill, from goaltenders Tuukka Rask and Jordan Binnington to scorers Brad Marchand and Vladimir Tarasenko. They do resemble their coaches — Cassidy, who has become a mature, straightforward communicator and Craig Berube, a no-nonsense, team-first guy who has turned the Blues into a north-south, no frills team.These teams are in many ways mirror images of each other based on their gritty styles and how tough they are to crack.“The two hardest, heaviest teams are in the final,” San Jose Sharks coach Peter DeBoer said after his team was eliminated by the Blues in the Western Conference final. “Everybody talks about skill and speed, there’s room for all these small players. There is a room for that. But I don’t think it’s an accident.”It’s certainly no accident that the Bruins and Blues like to make opponents black and blue. Bruins forward Danton Heinen said physicality is what he and his teammates have tried to deliver all year long and will continue to, but the Blues figured out last round that they need to be more selective about dishing out punishment.“You can’t just run around out there,” St. Louis forward Oskar Sundqvist said. “When you’re going to hit, you need to hit with a purpose.”ADVERTISEMENT Cayetano: Senate, Drilon to be blamed for SEA Games mess The purpose now is to lift hockey’s hallowed trophy. After Bruins center Patrice Bergeron played the 2013 final with broken ribs and a punctured lung, there’s not much guys won’t do this time of year at their own expense.“This is the Stanley Cup. This is what everyone plays for,” Boston forward Jake DeBrusk said. “It’s going to be fun, physical and pretty intense, so hopefully the body holds up for everybody here.”GOALIE DUELWith a league-best 1.42 goals-against average and .942 save percentage, Rask is the front-runner to win the Conn Smythe Trophy as playoff MVP. Rask is in his second final as a starter after being on the Boston team that lost to Chicago in six games in 2015.“It’s a team sport,” Rask said. “Everybody has to pull their load. That’s the only way you can win.”All the Blues is win, win, win no matter what since Binnington made his first NHL start in early January. They won 30 of their final 45 games to get into the playoffs, and Binnington has a 2.36 GAA and .914 save percentage in the playoffs.No goalie has won the Conn Smythe since Jonathan Quick with Los Angeles in 2012.CUP EXPERIENCE DISPARITYThe Bruins and Blues play similar styles yet have very different levels of winning this time of year.Five Boston players — Rask, captain Zdeno Chara, Patrice Bergeron, Brad Marchand and David Krejci — are still around from the 2011 Cup-winning Bruins, and Joakim Nordstrom won in 2015 with the Blackhawks. St. Louis has two players with Cup rings, though even that should have an asterisk because Jordan Nolan (2012 and 2014 Kings) hasn’t played since January and Oskar Sundqvist (2016 Penguins) only skated 20 regular-season and playoff games with Pittsburgh that year. PDEA chief backs Robredo in revealing ‘discoveries’ on drug war “They are physical, we’ll be physical,” Bruins coach Bruce Cassidy said Sunday. “I don’t think we shy away from that type of game.”The past decade-plus has been a study in the NHL getting younger and quicker, and previous champions like Chicago in 2013 and 2015 and Pittsburgh in 2016 and 2017 exemplified that. The 2019 champion will show there are still many kinds of blueprints for winning, though skill is still needed along with size and physicality.FEATURED STORIESSPORTSPrivate companies step in to help SEA Games hostingSPORTSPalace wants Cayetano’s PHISGOC Foundation probed over corruption chargesSPORTSSingapore latest to raise issue on SEA Games food, logisticsWhen the puck drops on Game 1 Monday night, the bruises will begin in what should be a throwback series with the Stanley Cup on the line.“At this point you’re going to get both teams coming out of the gates laying their hits,” big Blues defenseman Robert Bortuzzo said. “It’s going to be a heavy series. It’s hard to say how much physicality will be going both ways. I’m sure guys will be looking to get their licks in.” Ethel Booba twits Mocha over 2 toilets in one cubicle at SEA Games venue “Our guys that have been there, that have won a Cup, have lost a Cup, that should give us an edge,” Bruins coach Bruce Cassidy said.Of course, a year ago the Washington Capitals had only one Stanley Cup winner in Brooks Orpik before Alex Ovechkin lifted it in Las Vegas. Armstrong is banking on his players earning their experience in the final.“Hopefully a year from now we’ll say, geez, St. Louis has got a lot of championship experience,” Armstrong said.MAY SWEEPSTo say this has been a weird playoffs would be the understatement of the league’s 101-year history. Top seeds Tampa Bay and Calgary were knocked out in the first round along with fellow division winners Washington and Nashville, and the Lightning were actually swept by Columbus.But there has also been a strange pattern with sweeping teams that the Bruins hope is a coincidence and not a trend related to too much time off. The New York Islanders swept Pittsburgh in the first round, then got swept by the Carolina Hurricanes in the second round. Carolina? Yeah, swept in the Eastern Conference final by the Bruins.Boston also beat Columbus after the Blue Jackets swept the Lightning, making teams that won their previous series four games to none a combined 0-3 so far.“It’s something that naturally you’re going to think about a little bit,” DeBrusk said.INJURY WATCHAttrition to the San Jose Sharks helped St. Louis get through West final, and despite their physicality, the Blues and Bruins have been fairly fortunate when it comes to injuries this postseason. St. Louis defenseman Vince Dunn missed the past three games with an upper-body injury but returned to practice wearing a full shield over his face, and forward Robert Thomas skated Saturday after leaving early in the third period West final clincher Tuesday. Globe, Beach Volleyball Republic team up for the FIVB Beach Volleyball World Tour Boracay Open 2019 LATEST STORIES MOST READ Dunn is unlikely to play in Game 1 but could be available later in the series. Thomas is expected to play despite not practicing Sunday.The Bruins have had a week and a half off to heal up, which is good news for captain Zdeno Chara, who was injured and didn’t play in Game 4 of the East final. They got a bit of a scare when Marchand jammed his left hand after bumping into teammate Connor Clifton during an intrasquad scrimmage to stay sharp during the long layoff.Marchand missed practice Sunday, but coach Bruce Cassidy said it was for maintenance and expects Boston’s leading scorer to be good to go for Game 1.Sports Related Videospowered by AdSparcRead Next FILE – In this Jan. 17, 2019, file photo, Boston Bruins defenseman Zdeno Chara (33) and St. Louis Blues left wing Pat Maroon (7) fight during the first period of an NHL hockey game, in Boston. Game 1 of the Stanley Cup finals between the Bruins and Blues is Monday, May 27. (AP Photo/Elise Amendola, File)BOSTON — When the NHL altered its rules with an eye toward speed and skill, this is not the Stanley Cup Final it had in mind.Hockey is becoming less of a big man’s game, offense is up and it’s faster than ever. Then there’s the big and tough St. Louis Blues facing off against the bigger and tougher Boston Bruins in the final that shows size still matters in the playoffs.ADVERTISEMENT Private companies step in to help SEA Games hosting ‘Rebel attack’ no cause for concern-PNP, AFP Robredo accepts Duterte’s drug czar post appointment PLAY LIST 04:11Robredo accepts Duterte’s drug czar post appointment04:11Robredo accepts Duterte’s drug czar post appointment00:50Trending Articles02:42PH underwater hockey team aims to make waves in SEA Games01:44Philippines marks anniversary of massacre with calls for justice01:19Fire erupts in Barangay Tatalon in Quezon City01:07Trump talks impeachment while meeting NCAA athletes02:49World-class track facilities installed at NCC for SEA Games02:11Trump awards medals to Jon Voight, Alison Krauss Two-day strike in Bicol fails to cripple transport DA eyes importing ‘galunggong’ anew View comments